Basic Chess Openings Explained

Basic Chess Openings Explained Chess opening videos

Basic Chess Openings Explained – For convenience, all existing Chess Openings are divided into three large categories:

  1. Open Games – which start with moves 1. e4-e5;
  2. Semi-open Games – in which White started the game with 1. e4, and Black responded with any move except 1…e5;
  3. Closed Games – in which White started the game by any move except 1. e4.

The division may seem complicated, but let us consider it through a simple metaphor.

In front of each king at the beginning of the game is his pawn (e2 for White, e7 for Black), which plays the role of a door.

If both kings fully open their door with their kings pawns (White goes 1. e2-e4, Black responds with 1. …e7-e5), this means that an open play will be played.

Open Chess Games

If the White King has opened his door (1. e2-e4) and Black has not (any move other than 1. …e7-e5 was played, e.g. 1. …c5, 1. …e6, 1. …d5), then the board is a semi-open play.

Semi-open Chess Games

A closed opening is obtained if the kingside pawn door was not opened on the first move (e.g. 1. d4, 1. c4, 1. Kf3).

Closed Chess Games

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William Berrington
William Berrington is an experienced chess player and a candidate master of sports. He took part in many regional USA championships. Also, he contributes to chess popularization by giving workshops for beginners and interviews for newspapers.
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